Existing education is … one-sided in another sense: it stresses some forms of learning but not others. [E.g.] most… universities still emphasize other-directed, face-to-face learning, while neglecting self-directed and independent learning. These weaknesses limit the abilities, values, attitudes and self-image that learners develop and thus have unfavourable consequences that part particularly problematic for the production of novelty.
–Arthur Cropley, Creativity in Education & Learning